causes of itchy and painful eyes

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It stings ? It itches? That tickles ? So, you suffer from dry eye. Do not worry, this is a common problem, but there are also some solutions.

What are the causes ?
If the surface of your eye is not moist enough and your tear film is not working properly, there is a lot of chance that you will have dry eyes. Tears are indeed the lubricant that allows your eyelids to slide on your eyeball and they also have a cleaning function. That’s not all, the tears also contain enzymes that protect the cornea against microorganisms that can cause infections.

Can it depend on the environment?
Environmental factors may play a role in dry eye.

Dry air (air conditioning, central heating, air in an airplane)
Large drafts (driving car open window or riding a bike in the wind)
Smoke and dust (smoking and air pollution)
Activities in front of a screen (less blinking)
They run more risks.
Older people produce less tears, so the eyes are not sufficiently lubricated.
Hormonal changes in women are also often the cause of dry eye.
Many lens wearers suffer from dry eye, mostly because of a bad choice of lenses. Adequate lenses and the right maintenance solution are the answer to this problem.
People who lack vitamin A or who take certain medications. Some diseases can also cause dry eye.
A lack of sleep or insomnia can also make the eyes dry.

Prevention of dry eye
Pay attention to the humidity in your home and install water containers or humidifiers. Avoid fans, hair dryer or smoke. If you suffer from dry eye mainly in the morning, try to find out if you close your eyes well while you sleep. Do not forget to talk to your doctor.

Treatment of dry eye
Caution: If you have dry eyes, it is important not to resort to self-medication without consulting a doctor or contact lens specialist first. It is important to know why you have dry eyes. Surfactants, however, are adaptation solutions, that is to say that the eye adapts and therefore also produce less tears. This is certainly not the goal.

Your doctor will first examine your eyes to see what the cause is. During the exam, your doctor will already administer additional tear fluid to deposit an artificial layer on the cornea and conjunctiva. They therefore form a complement and in some cases even a substitute for tear fluid.

Artificial tears
Artificial tears come in many forms: eye drops, eye gel and eye ointment. Your ophthalmologist may also decide to temporarily or permanently close the flow of tear fluid to the nose so that your eyes receive more tear fluid.

Artificial tears heal the symptoms of dry eyes but do not address the causes of the problem.
The results vary depending on the patient. If a remedy is not effective, then try another brand in agreement with your doctor.
In general, use artificial tears four to five times a day. Always observe the dosage.
The ointment has a longer contact time, so you can enjoy your night’s sleep quietly.
Eye drops should be stored at the temperature indicated on the package. If nothing is mentioned on the packaging, keep them away from light and at room temperature.

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