Types of glasses frames and Materials


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In recent years, there is a very wide range of materials among spectacle frames: metal, plastic, carbon fiber, acetate, titanium, stainless steel, polyamide, wood, horn, optyl, elastomer, and multiple materials.

The frame can be chosen according to the needs of each and the qualities of lightness, comfort, flexibility, resistance, or even for a hypoallergenic criterion. Here is a little guide to enlighten you in this choice

Side fashion and trend, we find this year a lot of material effects with sometimes sophisticated mixtures.

Metal spectacle frames

The metal has the advantage of great strength and impact resistance. In addition, metal frames – particularly those with modern titanium-based alloys – are often lighter and more discreet than other materials.

The frame of metal glasses will harmonize well with a delicate and delicate face. In order not to make the face too severe or too cold, it is good to associate it with a color.

Also be aware that the thicker the sides of a frame, the more the width of the face is increased: metal frames are therefore an ideal material for elongated faces.

Metal spectacle frames are often made of other materials such as aluminum, cobalt or nickel. Be careful because there may be allergies to certain metals. If this is your case, try hypoallergenic options such as titanium or stainless steel. They are very suitable for Men’s round sunglasses.

Plastic glasses frames

Plastic is a popular material for frames because it allows a wide variety of colors, textures, and patterns. They are strong, often cheaper and can fit almost any lens and therefore any corrections.

The plastic material is thicker, it marks more the face and is, therefore, shower, but it appears warmer.

It is recommended for people whose facial features are marked and young people who want to assert their personality and give free rein to their fantasy colors.

Make sure to find good quality, some plastics can become brittle or discolor with time.

Acetate eyeglass frames

Acetate and its derivatives are plastics of plant origin. Flexible to work, this material allowed the diversity of forms and gave the glasses a great resistance. Those who like to match their outfit appreciate the wide color palette and the shine offered by acetate.

They are very fashionable this year.

Carbon fiber glasses frames

carbon fiber goggles Carbon fiber belongs to the category of composite materials, that is to say, obtained after mixing several raw materials. It is more and more present in eyeglass garments because it offers very interesting properties: resistance, flexibility, and lightness. Equivalent qualities, carbon fiber glasses are cheaper than those in titanium. They are very suitable for Men’s sports sunglasses.

Carbon fiber combines very well with other materials such as titanium or stainless steel for example. The disadvantage is in the more limited colors.

Titanium glasses frames

Of all the materials, titanium is probably the most appreciated because it is light, strong and hypoallergenic, so it is an excellent choice for people who are allergic to other metals. Titanium is robust, easy to adjust, and comes in a wide range of colors. Titanium glasses are perfect for hot and humid environments because of their sturdiness. They are also ideal for active lifestyles or for anyone with thick glasses.

The Flexon alloy (titanium and nickel), in addition to being very strong, returns to its original shape when it is folded or twisted: the branches are very thin and almost invisible. Be careful though because if titanium is hypoallergenic, some people are sensitive to nickel.

Note that titanium frames are more expensive than classic frames.

Stainless steel eyeglass frames

Like titanium, stainless steel is hypoallergenic. Stainless steel is light, strong. In most cases, stainless steel can be a cheaper alternative to titanium. These frames last a long time and can easily recover their shape after an accidental shock.

Wooden glasses frames

The wooden glasses have long remained unaffordable, but they are now found in many collections (and especially among French designers) to less than 150 euros. To assert your eco-chic personality, this is the ideal telescope! The wooden glasses are very pleasant to the touch but they are a little more fragile than the others and are therefore to handle with delicacy.

Horn eyeglass frames

buffalo horn glassesLarge material and high price, buffalo horn is used in luxury frames. However, it is widely used in fashion collections in recent years and often in combination with other materials such as wood. Buffalo horn glasses are often made by hand using a traditional process. Each pair of glasses is thus different in its hues, shades, natural veins …

It is a solid and light to the touch, silky but requires special care. Horn glasses tend to tarnish a bit as they get older.

Eyeglass frames in Optyl

Optyl is a hypoallergenic epoxy resin, it is a shape memory material, it is thermoelastic that is to say that it becomes elastic under the influence of heat and thus regains its shape. ‘origin.

Optyl glass is usually translucent but some may be opaque after treatment. The optyl provides great strength and excellent surface finish but the major disadvantage is that it does not support the heat.

Polyamide eyeglass frames

Polyamide is a thermoplastic resin that looks a lot like acetate. Used pure or mixed with other plastics, it is particularly present in sunglasses and sports frames. Polyamide frames are both strong and flexible, unbreakable and much more flexible than plastic. The disadvantage is that they tend to shrink if they are exposed to too high a temperature.

Among the polyamide, glasses are the SPX (very high elasticity and well suited for fine frames) and nylon (well suited to sport glasses frames).

Elastomer eyeglass frames

elastomer goggles Among plastics are the elastomer: a synthetic polymer with the properties of natural rubber.

Elastomer glasses are unbreakable and much more flexible than plastic ones, they are very soft to the touch. The elastomer is particularly suitable for glasses for children or babies.

Multiple materials

Glasses that contain multiple materials can combine the benefits of other materials. For example, some people choose a mixture of metal and plastic, because the metal frame provides good comfort on the nose while the plastic branches give an advantage to the trendy style.



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